Could nature be our best defense against the climate crisis?



there is no doubt that climate crisis It’s here, right now. In parts of northwestern India and Pakistan, temperatures recently reached a record-breaking 51C when heat waves formed 100 times more likely from the climate crisis. As a result, hospital admissions for heat-related incidents increased by 20 percent.

in parts of BangladeshHuman-induced climate change is causing flooding which has resulted in major food shortages. Many communities have been completely submerged. many are dying And more than two lakh are stranded. The United Nations says that more than 1.5 million children The country is at increased risk of waterborne diseases, drowning and malnutrition due to floods.

In Australia, bushfires killed or displaced nearly three billion animals in 2020. Over the past three years, the country has been hit by drought, cyclones and fierce tides, which are causing climate change. a major concern for citizens,

These are just a few examples of worrying trends. In the past 20 years, there has been a 40 percent increase in natural disasters linked to the climate crisis. sudden onset, climate-related disasters, such as droughts and floods, are about 410,000 people died in the last decade, and nine out of 10 people Those who lost their lives due to such threats were in developing countries.

as Research from the Stockholm Environmental Institute neatly summarized next to stockholm+50, which marks 50 years of the first global conference on the environment in the Swedish capital, the world is at a boiling point. And with global greenhouse emissions rising steadily and reaching record levels in the atmosphere, the frequency and severity of climate-related disasters will only worsen.

Thankfully, there is much we can do to build resilience among vulnerable communities on the front lines of the climate crisis, and a new report The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) highlight how nature-based solutions are exposed to the often overlooked, yet transformative power.

Nature-based solutions include protecting, sustainable management and restoration of ecosystems to address societal challenges such as climate change, while also promoting human well-being and biodiversity. The report predicts that these solutions could reduce the intensity of climate and meteorological threats by an astonishing 26 percent, in a world where more than three billion people live in places that are highly vulnerable to climate change. .

Our research shows how nature-based solutions can save lives by reducing the likelihood of climate and meteorological disasters to occur. Where communities are exposed to the dangers of the climate crisis, for example, such solutions include healthy connected floodplains, which can reduce flood risk; Afforestation, which can help prevent landslides; Or the restoration of mangroves and coral reefs, which can protect against storm surges. Nature-based solutions can also capture and store carbon, and provide food, livelihoods and vital habitat. They can improve the water security of communities and contribute to better human health.

Promisingly, the analysis shows that nature-based solutions could provide massive economic savings to developing countries – at least $104bn (about £83bn) in 2030, and $393bn (£314bn) in 2050.

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There are countless examples of countries that have already seen the benefits of nature-based solutions. One is Jamaica, where coral reefs are an important natural defense for the country’s coastline, protecting coastal communities and tourist hotels from the destructive power of tropical storms. Coral reefs store wave energy a. can be reduced by estimated 75 percent, reducing the risk of coastal erosion and flooding during storms. Fringing, patches and barrier reefs, meanwhile, protect about 60 percent of Jamaica’s coastline.

Of course, any disaster-risk reduction or adaptation measure will be obsolete unless there is a rapid and drastic reduction in current levels of greenhouse gas emissions. Continued warming will overwhelm vulnerable communities, hinder their ability to reduce and adapt to disaster risk, and reduce the effectiveness of nature-based solutions.

The evidence for the interdependence between climate change and the loss of nature is overwhelming and we have a rapidly closing window in which we must act. All of us – governments, businesses, investors and consumers – must work together to become carbon-neutral and nature-positive Future.

Marco Lambertini is the Director General of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and Jagan Chapagne is the Secretary General of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC).

Author: Admin

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